oil shale estonia

Henri Ormus: Why does Estonia need nuclear energy?

 · Oil shale has to be phased out In 2018, oil shale accounted for 76% of Estonia''s total electricity generation, but, in 2019, the share dropped to 57%. Some older blocks have been permanently shut down and some newer or refurbished units are kept standby or run only when the electricity price is very high – like in the beginning of 2021, when temperatures are low and electricity demand is high.

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Estonian Oil Shale

than 80 years. The only special OS periodical – the journal OIL SHALE – has been published in Estonia for eighteen years already. The OS deposits and OS industry are located in the North-East Estonia. Two deposits – the Estonia deposit and Tapa deposit

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Backfilling technologies for Estonian oil shale mines

The oil shale deposit in Estonia is located partly in a densely populated farming district of high soil fertility. Oil shale is consumed by power plants which produce about 90% of Estonian ...

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Oil shale processing joint venture in Auvere, Estonia

Oil shale processing joint venture in Auvere, Estonia High-capacity plant produces 290,000 metric tons of shale oil annually and utilizes Outotec solid heat carrier technology to extract oil …

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Oil shale mining in Estonia

Oil shale covers over half of Estonia''s primary power resources (Fig. 1). About 99% of electric power and a large share of thermal power are produced from oil shale. Therefore main goal of the ...

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Oil shale in Estonia: Fossil fuel policy in a pioneering country

of oil shale in Estonia. On an international scale this is not much, however, Estonia currently accounts for 70% of worldwide oil shale extraction. This branch of industry has a tradition in Estonia and was developed from 1910 while the country was still under ...

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(PDF) FUTURE OF OIL SHALE MINING TECHNOLOGY IN …

For this purpose sampling tests of oil shale and limestone have been carried out from 2005 to 2007 in Estonia. The tests have been performed in Väo Paas, Paekivitoodete tehas and Aru Lõuna limestone quarries and Põhja Kiviõli, KNC Ubja and Narva oil shale surface mines and in Estonia…

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Moving beyond oil shale in Estonia

The report finds that Estonia is facing a challenging task in planning a proper just transition for its oil shale region and pointed out the importance of consulting a wide range of stakeholders. It also offers a possible step-by-step planning process and a number of policy recommendations, stressing the importance of starting with a clear vision and goals for the region.

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Liquid fuel production

Oil production produces 3.3 times less carbon dioxide emissions than electricity production from oil shale. We have produced more than one million tonnes of shale oil, which can be compared to the average consumption of liquid fuels in Estonia during 32 years.

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Kukruse oil shale museum, Estonia

*Oil shale, Estonia''s most important natural resource, formed 450 million years ago and is found in 80 countries – but there is only one oil shale museum in the world *The museum holds more than 22,000 individual items which it places at the disposal of

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Estonia should reduce its oil shale reliance for greener …

Oil shale provides 70% of the energy supply in Estonia, which produced 533 kg of CO 2 emissions per USD 1,000 of GDP in 2014, compared with an OECD average of 226 kg. Estonia''s greenhouse gas emissions rose by 23% from 2000 to 2014, well below its economic growth of 64% over the period but still the third-highest increase in the OECD area after Turkey and Korea.

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Oil shale

The oil shale sector accounts for 4% of Estonian GDP and places Estonia among the most energy independent countries of Europe. 1 These benefits, however, come with an environmental cost.

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OIL SHALE ENERGETICS IN ESTONIA

Oil Shale Energetics in Estonia 3 The introduction of the low-temperature CFB (circulating fluidized bed) boiler technology and the shale oil Galoter refinery process (solid heat carrier) for Estonian oil shale has been completely justified and the acquired

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MINERAL COMPOSITION OF ESTONIAN OIL SHALE SEMI-COKE …

Semi-coke is a solid waste material left after oil shale retorting in oil shale chemical industry. During more than 80 years of operation more than 110 million tonnes of semicoke have been deposited at retorting plants in Estonia but so far very little is known about

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Oil Shale | Properties, Composition, Uses » Geology Science

Kukersite is found in the Baltic Oil Shale Basin in Estonia and Russia. Tasmanite is named after the region in which it was discovered, the island of Tasmania, Australia. Marinite, the most abundant of all oil shales, is found in environments that once held wide, shallow seas.

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Shale oil

Shale oil mixes well with conventional fuel oils and therefore facilitates the creation of products with precise specifications. Owing to its low sulphur content, low viscosity and low pour point, shale oil is mainly used to improve the qualities of heavy fuel oil, e.g. as a marine fuel additive, as a raw material for the chemical industry, and for heating boilers and industrial furnaces.

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Estonian oil shale

Oil shale became the main energy source for Estonia and North-West part of Soviet Union, and its use in power stations and for processing of oil rise rapidly. Oil shale mining production reached its maximum level of 31.35 Mtons per year in 1980.

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Estonia needs a plan – and support – to get rid of its dirty …

Oil shale industry''s contributions in Estonia as per cent of the country''s total output. Source: Praxis socio-economic study on oil-shale (2011). The Estonian electricity grid is well connected with the neighbours, and large amounts of oil shale energy are for export.

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Oil shale in Estonia

The oil shale industry in Estonia employs 7,500 people—about one percent of the national work force—and accounts for four percent of its gross domestic product. There are two kinds of oil shale in Estonia – Dictyonema argillite ( claystone) and kukersite.

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Estonia''s dirty secret

Over 90 per cent of Estonia''s CO 2 emissions come from burning oil shale for electricity, and oil shale contributes significantly to other pollution and waste levels in the country. The high concentrations of pollutants create health problems for local people: children living in the oil shale area have more respiratory diseases and are projected to live four years less on average.

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Oil shale industry in Estonia — Esfitech

80% of oil shale used globally is extracted in Estonia, mainly due to the Oil-shale-fired Narva power plants. The largest Estonian producer of electricity and heat energy is the Narva power plants, owned by Eesti Energia, which provide over 90% of the electricity produced in Estonia.

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Shale oil

Shale oil Shale oil is Estonia''s own petroleum Liquid fuels made from oil shale and old tires contain energy that works for the benefit of humanity Our liquid fuels are manufactured using efficient, environmentally friendly and resource-efficient Enefit technology. Shale ...

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Oil shale in Estonia

Oil shale in Estonia is an important resource for the national economy.Estonia''s oil shale deposits account for just 17% of total deposits in the European Union but the country generates 90% of its power from this source. The oil shale industry in Estonia employs ...

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ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARD OF THE WASTE STREAMS OF ESTONIAN OIL SHALE …

Estonian oil shale basin is the largest industrially used one in the world: the mining of oil shale in Estonia started in 1916 and reached its peak in 1980 when 31 million tonnes of oil shale …

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Oil Shale Journal Information – Estonian Academy Publishers

The Oil Shale (Goryuchie Slantsy) was founded in 1984 as a joint scientific-technical journal of the Academies of Sciences of the former USSR and Estonian SSR. The Oil Shale is concerned with geology, mining, genesis, composition, methods of processing and combustion, economics and utilization of oil shale and bituminous sands, as well as with problems of environment protection.

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Ragn-Sells'' way of solving the oil shale ash quest in Estonia

Estonia is mining 15 million tons of this brown rock per year and is left with 7 million tons of ash annually after burning it for obtaining energy. Less than a year after the Oil Shale Ash project started, the team has already filed two patent applications on how oil shale

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A new research project maps the impacts of moving …

As oil shale is used in thermal power plants, the earth in Ida-Virumaa contains most of Estonia''s energy resources. But the oil shale mining is considered harmful to the environment and hence, discussions about closing the industry have greatly intensified in Estonia.

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Could Estonia''s oil shale bolster Europe''s energy …

The SUV ride down the steep incline in Estonia''s newest oil shale mine, the first to be built since the Soviet era, is bumpy. At 105 feet below ground, Larissa Puhilas gets out. She inspects the ...

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Oil shale in Estonia

 · Rock-Eval analyses of the richest-grade kukersite in Estonia show oil yields as high as 300 to 470 mg/g of shale, which is equivalent to about 320 to 500 l/t. The calorific value in seven open-pit mines ranges from 2,440 to 3,020 kcal/kg (Reinsalu, 1998a, his table 5).

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Giving up oil shale would cost Estonia €1 billion per year | …

Giving up oil shale would cost Estonia up to €1 billion per year and 13,000 jobs in Ida-Viru County as well as lead to higher electricity prices. Some 1,000 Estonians have signed a petition to support the country''s exit from oil shale energy, dubbed PÕKSIT (after ...

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